Effect Of Alcohol On The Blood


Dr. Richardson, in his lectures on alcohol, given so much in England and America, talking about the action of this substance in the blood after passing from the stomach, says:

"Suppose, then, a certain alcohol measure is taken in the stomach, it will be absorbed there, but prior to absorption, will have to suffer a correct degree of dilution with water, since there is this peculiarity that respects alcohol when it is Separated by an animal membrane of an aqueous liquid like blood, which will not pass through the membrane until it has been loaded, at a certain dilution point, with water. In fact, so greedy for water, "it will pick it up from The aquatic textures and deprive them from it until, by its saturation, its reception power is exhausted, after which it will be disseminated in the current of the circulating fluid. "

It is this power to absorb water of each texture with which alcoholic spirits come in contact, which creates the thirst of burns of those who are freely pleased in their use. Its effect, when it reaches the circulation, is described as well by Dr. Richardson:

"As it passes through the circulation of the lungs, it is exposed to air, and a bit of it, raised in steam by natural heat, is pulled in the expiration. If the amount of you is large, this loss can be Being considerable., And the smell of the Spirit can be detected in the expired breath. If the amount is small, the loss will be comparatively small, since the spirit will remain in solution by water in the blood. After it has passed through the lungs., And it has been driven by the left heart on the arterial circuit, passes to what is called the thorough circulation, or the structural circulation of the organism. The arteries are extended in very small vessels, which are called arterioli, and Of these infinitely. The small vessels are raised the radicals or roots equally tiny from the veins, which ultimately become the great rivers that bring the blood back to the heart. In its passage through this circulation my circulation nuciosa, alcohol approaches each organ. To this brain, t or these muscles, to these secreted or excrettent organs, no, even in this bone structure itself, moves with blood. In some of these parts, they do not get excreted, it remains for a diffuse time, and in those parts where there is a large percentage of water, it is still longer than elsewhere. Of some organs that have an open tube to transport fluids, since the liver and kidneys are thrown or eliminated, and in this way, a part of it is ultimately eliminated from the body. The rest that passes around and round with circulation, is probably decomposed and moves into new forms of matter.

"When we know the course that alcohol leads to its passage through the body, from the period of its absorption to that of its elimination, we are the best capable of judging what physical changes induces in the different organs and structures with which it enters into Contact. First it reaches the blood; but, as a rule, the amount of the one that enters is insufficient to produce any material effect on that fluid. If, however, the dose taken is poisonous or semi-poisonous, then even the blood , rich as it is in water and contains seventeenth ninety parts in a thousand are affected. Alcohol diffuses through this water, and there comes in contact with the other constituent parts, with fibrin, that the plastic substance that is Draw the blood, coagulate and coagulate, and that is present in the proportion of two to three parts in a thousand; with the albumin that exists in the proportion of seventy parts; with the salts that produce approximately ten part s; with the fat matters; And, finally, with those round bodies that float in innuisia in the blood (which were discovered by the Dutch philosopher, Leuwenhock, as one of the first results of microscopic observation, approximately mid-seventeenth century), and they are called Blood or corpusive blood cells. These last appointed organisms are, in fact, the cells; His discs, when they are natural, have a soft contour, are depressed in the center, and they are red; The color of the blood is derived from them. We have discovered that there are other corpuscles or cells in the blood in a much lower amount, which are called white cells, and these different cells float in the bloodstream within the vessels. Red takes the center of the current; The white is externally close to the sides of the ships, moving less quickly. Our business is mainly with red corpuscles. They perform the most important functions of the economy; Absorb, in large part, oxygen that we inhale in breathing, and take it to the extreme tissues of the body; Absorb, in large part, the carbonic acid gas that occurs in the combustion of the body in the extreme tissues, and brings that gas back to the lungs that are exchanged by oxygen there; In summary, they are the vital instruments of circulation.

"With all these parts of the blood, with water, fibrin, albumin, salts, fat and corpuscles, alcohol comes into contact when it enters the blood and, if it is in sufficient quantity, it produces a disturbing action. I have seen this disturbance with great care in the corpuscles of blood; because, in some animals, we can see these floating during life, and we can also observe them from the men who are under the effects of alcohol, eliminating a speck of blood and examining with the microscope. The action of alcohol, when it is observable, is varied. It can cause the corpuscles to run too close together and adhere to the rolls; You can modify your contour, which makes the defined clear outer outer edge or created, or even with grills; You can change the corpuscle round in the oval shape, or, in very extreme cases, it can produce what I can call a truncated shape of corpuscles, in which the change is so big E If we do not draw it through all its stages, we are being disconcerted to know if the object looked at was in fact a blood cell. All these changes are due to the action of the spirit on the water contained in the corpuscles; About the ability of the spirit to extract water from them. During all the stages of modification of the corpuscles, therefore, it is described, its function to absorb and fix gases is affected, and when the aggregation of the cells, in masses, is excellent, other difficulties arise, for the cells, United, they happen less easily than them. It should through the containers minutes of the lungs and the general circulation, and prevent the current, by which the local lesion occurs.

"An additional action on the blood, instituted by excess alcohol, is on the colloidal matter of fibrin or plastic. About it, the spirit can act in two different ways, according to the degree to which it affects the water that sustains the Fibrin in solution. It can arrange water with fibrin and, therefore, destroy the power of coagulation; or it can extract the water as decisively as to produce coagulation. "

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